Academia de Studii Economice Bucuresti

Amfiteatru Economic
AN ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS RESEARCH PERIODICAL
Facultatea de Business si Turism

Re-Innovation from Failure, Institutional Environmental Differences, and Firm Performance: Evidence from China

Author:Zhuang Xiong, Pengju Wang and Yu Zhao

JEL:M13, O32, O33, O38

DOI:10.24818/EA/2019/53/197

Keywords:re-innovation from failure, institutional environment, firm performance, moderating effect

Abstract:
Due to an anti-failure bias, theoretical and practical studies have not focused much on the problem of innovation failure. The literature does not include studies on how the effect of re-innovation input on firm performance can still be explained by existing theories, especially in the case of previous innovation failures. To explore the intrinsic relationship between the re-innovation from failure and firm performance, as well as the influencing mechanism of the institutional environment differences on a firm’s re-innovation activities, using the data of the Listed Companies in China’s pharmaceutical manufacturing industry from 2008 to 2014 and a multiple regression model, the relationships between the re-innovation from failure, institutional environment differences, and firm performance were analyzed from 3 aspects: government intervention, financial development, and legal environment. The results show that the re-innovation input from failure has a significant positive impact on firm performance. The level of government intervention and the level of financial development play significant negative and positive moderating roles in the relationship between the re-innovation input and firm performance, respectively, and the above-mentioned effects are more prominent in eastern China. Moreover, with the improvement of the marketization of the financial industry, the beneficial effect of the re-innovation input from failure on firm performance in state-owned firms will be further strengthened. However, the moderating effect of the legal environment is not obvious.
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